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Editorial Styleguide

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W

P

Pan-African studies

Hyphenate "Pan-African" and uppercase.

peer institutions
See "benchmark institutions"

See also benchmark institutions

percent

Use numerals and spell out "percent": 3 percent; 55 percent.

physical education

Avoid PE as a second reference.

possessives

Follow AP style (some of the more commonly confused instances are noted here).

While some style guides say that singular nouns ending in s sounds (such as x and z) may take either the apostrophe alone or 's, for consistency AP style is to always use 's if the word does not end in the letter s: the fox's lair; Marx's theories.

EXCEPTION: Words that end in an s sound and are followed by a word that begins with s: for appearance' sake; the appearance's cost.

SINGULAR COMMON NOUNS ENDING IN S: Add 's unless the next word begins with s: the hostess's seat; the hostess' chair.

SINGULAR PROPER NOUNS ENDING IN S: Use an apostrophe only: Kansas' school system; Hercules' labors.

EXCEPTION: St. James's Palace

JOINT POSSESSIVES: Use an apostrophe after the last word only: Fred and Wilma's party.

postgraduate

No hyphen; use as an adjective only: She was a postgraduate student in biology. NOT: She was a postgraduate in biology.

president

Uppercase only before the name: former UofL President Donald Swain; Jimmy Carter, former president of the United States. When used without the name, always lowercase: The president spoke before Congress.

Presidential Scholar

Capitalize. Students who receive a 4.0 grade point average for the semester receive the designation Presidential Scholar; they are not officially on the dean's list of their school or college, although the two lists are distributed together.

prices

For tickets, admission, etc., list the price to the general public first, followed by that for students or staff.

principal, principle
"Principal" can be either a noun or an adjective: She returned to her old high school last year as its principal. The principal reason she enjoys her job is because she gets to work with the children of her former classmates. "Principle" is a noun only. It can mean a "truth, doctrine or rule of conduct" (It compromised her principles.), a scientific law (the principle of cell division) or an essential element or quality that produces a specific effect (the active principle of a medicine).

professor

Professor should always be lowercase, even when preceding a name.

EXCEPTION Full titles of endowed professorships are capitalized: Ben A. Reid Professor of Surgery

program

Capitalize only when program is part of the formal name: the department's visiting scholars program; the University Honors Program.

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